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Chapter 12: Applications

Since its early beginnings, GP has produced a cornucopia of results. The literature, which covers more than 5000 recorded uses of GP, reports an enormous number of applications where GP has been successfully used as an automatic programming tool, a machine learning tool or an automatic problem-solving engine. It is impossible to list all such applications here. In the following sections we start with a discussion of the general kinds of problems where GP has proved successful (Section  12.1 ) and then review a representative subset for each of the main application areas of GP (Sections  12.2 - 12.11 ), devoting particular attention to the important areas of symbolic regression (Section  12.2 ) and human-competitive results (Section  12.3 ).


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