Vision is concerned with capture and automatic interpretation of
full 360 degrees panoramic images. It has applications in all
situations where large three dimensional space needs to be surveyed,
such as autonomous navigation, robotics, site modelling, and
security. Omnidirectional vision offers a number of significant
benefits. Specifically, it is much easier to deal with rotation of
the camera (robot), as this will not make objects disappear from the
omnidirectional view. More details here.